The Human Rights Of Women in Turkey
The Human Rights Of Women
Especially after the World War 2 human rights are accepted by all of person (women or men) as a universal subject is the basic policy of the countries ruled by democracy.Gender equality, starting in 1957 The Treaty of Rome that regulates the establishment of the European Economic Community, up to now this is discussed in the main sources of The EU Law.EU touch on the following topics about the gender equality in the Rome, Amsterdam and Maastrict Treaties: Equal pay, Equality in working life, Pregnancy and maternity leave, Harassment and Violence etc.
There are provision about gender equality should be guaranteed in the all of subject as employment, work and wages In the article 23 that includes Gender Equality of The EU Fundamental Charter. The gender equality is a fundemental right and a comman value of EU, ın addition it is a necessary clause in terms of development, employment and social cohesion of EU. Turkey entered a process of change terms of economic, political, social and administrative ın the 2000s with the decisions taken in the meeting of the European Council in Helsinki in 1999.
The European Commission has adopted Charter for Women in 2010. The period “2010-2015 Gender Equality Strategy Paper” was adopted on 21 September 2010.
When we look at the European Union to Turkey Progress Report, deficiencies in Turkey showed the following issues:
– Turkey confirmed the Council of Europe Convention about preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence in 14 March 2011, but not yet ratified the three protocol of the European Convention on Human Rights.Tese are the prohibition of arbitrary deportation, equality of partner’s rights in marriage and non-discrimination.
– Partial implementation of the Law on Protection of the Family.
-The problems about the punishment of the crime of Honour killings, the reducing of incitation, and women’s access to legal aid are indicated.
-The domestic violence can not be stopped especially in Eastern and Southeastern Anatolia, female suicides, killings, early and forced marriage problems still continue.
– The lack of shelters and inadequate subvention.
-The failure of representation in the parliament and local governments.
-While the purpose of employment rate for women was 35 %, reached rate was 28,8% in Turkey.
-Women are perceived as sex object.
-The balance between working life and family life improving systems are not available. Child care services, maternity leave, etc.
– Women are seen as unpaid family workers and there is no their social security.
When we evaluated generally,there is growing public attention on women’s rights in Turkey, however the gender inequality and male dominance still continues in especially poor areas.
Movement on this issue in Turkey;
-Women is only defined as the individual responsible for the policies of the state
-The Ministry of Family and Social Policies has signed to common protocols with various ministries in order to increase the employment of women.
-The National Action Plan to Combat Violence against Women (2012-2015) was adopted in 2012 by the Ministry.
-The cahanges of the family protection and the Prevention of Violence Against Women lead to action of women’s organization. These changes were intervened to women’s private area by the government such as the restriction of curettage and cesarean delivery. Upon this ‘My body is-my decision Campaign’ launched.
The Current Situation;
-Today 36% of women in Turkey sometimes and 16.3ü% marital rape often, every 26 minutes if there are women who are victims of sexual crime.
-147 women were murdered only the first 11 months of 2012, 123 women were raped, and they are only data recorded.
-In The World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Report Turkey has 124 place.The Countries in front of Turkey are Nepal, Lebanon, Jordan and Algeria behind while Oman, Egypt and Iran.
-Murders of women increased by 1,400% of the AKP government.
-Against women ‘mobbing’ is going on everywhere.
-In The Women’s Organizations Constitutional Reconciliation Commission, only a woman of 12 people on the team (Ayla Akat Ata) is opposed because they believe that the Constitution could not have protected the rights of women in the inequality commission.